Knee pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints for patients to visit their doctor. Due to increasing social activities, the number of knee problems is increasing. Knee pain is not because of one cause but has a wide variety of causes and also many treatments exist. In spite of the fact that there is numerous osteoarthritis treatments available, prolotherapy is frequently viewed as one of the best as it promises healing from inside and long lasting results.
Anatomy of the Knee
Main function of the knee is to bend and straighten for moving the body. It has various movements hinge, twist and rotation. To perform all this actions we need bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. The knee joint involves three bones - Above The thighbone (femur), From below comes the tibia (Calf area), and a knee cap in front (patella). Ligaments are fibrous bands that connect bones to each other. There are 4 ligaments. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) for stabilizing the knee from front/back and during rotation. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) located along the inner (medial) and outer (lateral) sides of the knee provide medial and lateral stability to the knee. Tendons are fibrous bands similar to ligaments but tendons connect muscles to bones.2 tendons are the quadriceps tendon connecting the quadriceps muscle (on the front of the thigh) to the patella and the patellar tendon connecting the patella to the tibia. Cartilaginous structures called menisci. They lie in between femur and tibia. Menisci provide cushion effect for the knee joint. There are fluid-filled sacs called Bursa that help to cushion the knee. The prepatellar bursa (in front of the patella), the anserine (on the inner side) and the infrapatellar bursa is located underneath the patella.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis are by and large brought on because of the damage or disease in the joints. It can likewise be brought about because of the wear and tear of the ligament tissue. Irritation or joint inflammation can bring forth the symptoms of osteoarthritis in a person. Any harm or malady of the spine or cervical spine may prompt the augmentation of the agony to the knee joints. X-beam or MRIs are generally used to discover the reason for the joint pain before the knee joint pain treatment.
Knee Pain Home Remedies
After any injury to the knee there is inflammation, which causes further injury, and further inflammation, and so on. This cycle of inflammation leads to unresolving knee pain. The goal of home remedies is to break this inflammation cycle by medications or other therapies and by limiting further injury to tissue. Some common home-care remedies protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation. In medications commonly used over the counter medications line nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as naproxen and ibuprofen are used in the treatment of knee pain. They are anti-inflammatory and like all medications these drugs have potential side effects. Don’t use these if you have
- a problem with bleeding
- Stomach ulcers
- High blood pressure
- Kidney disease
Paracetamol, though not an anti-inflammatory medication, may be used in many cases with good efficacy.
When to Call the Doctor about Knee Pain?
If you have to take any of these medications for more than seven days, you should have your knee pain evaluated by a healthcare professional. When home remedies fails and pain doesn’t improve, call pain physician. The necessity of osteoarthritis medications like additional painkillers or drugs absolutely relies on upon the severance of the joint agony. Prolotherapy is utilized if there is injury to the tendons, ligaments which causes the joint pain.
When should you report to doctor immediately,
- a traumatic injury to rule out fracture, many fractures may require immobilization in a specific position or surgery.
- Fever – rule out infection
- Unbearable pain
- Swelling, if you are on a blood thinner (warfarin or Coumadin) or have a bleeding disorder (such as hemophilia)
- Swelling that is associated with redness and the knee feeling warm
X-rays, MRI and CT scans might be prescribed for in depth analysis and diagnosing the injury and planning further management.
Prolotherapy - Prolotherapy or proliferative treatment is an extremely effective and time tested procedure of treating the joint pain. It is a non-surgical osteoarthritis medications strategy which incorporates injection in and around the tendons, joints, ligaments with an regenerative irritant solution. It helps in reinforcing the damaged tissues by utilizing body's own healing power and thereby curing the injured tissue. Due to this reason Prolotherapy is a becoming very popular among the patients and doctors all over the globe.
Synovial fluid replacement therapy - With degeneration and traumatic injuries, synovial fluid inside the joint is damaged. This makes joint to degenerate faster. In Synovial fluid replacement therapy, under local anaesthesia synthetic fluid with similar properties is injected. This is also very effective non surgical therapy for the chronic knee pain patients.